ZHAO Xinyi (Isabella)

PhD, Lecturer




Research interests

Long-term care, productive aging, medical social work, medical insurance


Education experience

2010-2014, The University of Hong Kong, Doctor of Philosophy.

2008-2010, Renmin University of China, Master of Management.

2004-2008, Southeast University, Bachelor of Management.

2013, Smith College, Visiting Scholar.


Work experience

Assistant Professor, Associate Researcher, Doctoral Supervisor, School of Health Humanities, Peking University



Peer-review journal papers (* as corresponding author):

Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., Ma, C., Liu, H., & Chen, Y. (2023). Association between multimorbidity patterns and healthcare costs among middle-aged and older adults in China. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Article 104959. (SCI)

Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., Xu, H., Li, X., Lou, V. W. Q., & Liu, H. (2023). Unmet needs and depression among spousal caregivers: the mediating role of marital satisfaction. Aging & Mental Health, 1-7. (SSCI)

Liu, H., Zhang, M., Chen, B., Huang, L., & Zhao, X.* (2023). Links between Life-course SES and Frailty Trajectory Moderated by Community Environment Resources: Person-environment Fit Perspective. Advances in Life Course Research, 58, 100580. SSCI

Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., Tao, S., Zhou, W., & Jia, P. Y. (2023). Association of edentulism and all-cause mortality in Chinese older adults: do sex differences exist? Public Health, 221, 184-189. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., Li, D., Yu, N., Zhang, Q., Du, J., & Zhang, M. (2023). Daytime napping and metabolic syndrome: A 4-year follow-up study of Chinese middle-aged and older adults. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 1-10. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., Ji, Y., Liu, H., & Lou, V. W. Q. (2023). Influence of spousal caregiving and living arrangement on depression among husband caregivers in rural China. Aging & Mental Health, 27(7):1266-1273. (SSCI)

Zhang, Q., Han, X., Zhao, X.*, & Wang, Y. (2022). Multimorbidity patterns and associated factors in older Chinese: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study. BMC Geriatrics, 22(1), Article 470. (SSCI)

Fang, B., Huang, J., Zhao, X.*, Liu, H., Chen, B., & Zhang, Q. (2022). Concurrent and lagged associations of social participation and frailty among older adults. Health and Social Care in the Community, 30 (6), e4812-e4820. (SSCI)

Zhai, X., Zhang, Q., Li, X., & Zhao, X.* (2022). Association between multimorbidity patterns and catastrophic health expenditure among Chinese older adults living alone. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 106, Article 104892. (SCI)

Zhao, X., Li, D., Zhang, Q., & Liu, H. (2022). Spousal concordance in frailty predicting mental and functional health decline: A four-year follow-up study of older couples in urban and rural China. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 31, 679-688. (SSCI)

Liu, H., Chen, B., Wang, Y., Zhao, X.*, & Hu, J. (2022). Social affiliation moderates the link between depressive symptoms and heart rate variability in healthy middle-aged and older individuals: An intensive ecologic momentary assessment study. Psychophysiology, 59(2), e13958. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., Han, X., & Liang, X. (2022). Association between WeChat Use and Depressive Symptoms among Older Adults in China: The Mediating Role of Social Participation. Information Science, 40(10), 82-89. (in Chinese)

Ding, H., Wang, K. Zhao, X., & Yan, J. (2022). Cognitive function status and relayed factors among older adults. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 36(3), 197-203. (in Chinese)

Liu, H., Li, D., Zhao, X.*, Fang, B., Zhang, Q., & Li, T. (2021). Longitudinal impact of frailty states and sleep duration on subsequent depressive symptoms of older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 69(4), 1003-1011. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., Yu, Y.-H., Peng, M.-M., Luo, W., Hu, S.-H., Yang, X., Liu, B., Zhang, T., Chan, C. L.-W., & Ran, M.-S. (2021). Change of poverty and outcome of persons with severe mental illness in rural China, 1994-2015. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 67(4):315-323. (SSCI)

Zhang, Q., Zhao, X.*, Liu, H., Yu, N., & Li, D. (2021). Association between the metabolic syndrome and muscle weakness among Chinese older adults: results from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Geriatric Nursing, 42(6), 1415-1421. (SSCI)

Zhang, Q., Wang, Y., Yu, N., Ding, H., Li, D., & Zhao, X.* (2021). Metabolic syndrome predicts incident disability and functional decline among Chinese older adults: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33, 3073–3080. (SCI)

Liang, X., He, M., Chen, Y., & Zhao, X.* (2021). Heterogeneous Reading Motivation of the Older Adults: From the Perspective of Productive Aging.Documentation, Information & Knowledge, 38(5), 63-76. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X., Yang, W., Li, L., & Dong, Q. (2021). The old-age social security system in India and its Implication. South Asian Studies Quarterly, (04), 79-98+158-159. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X. & Zhang, X. (2021). Empirical analysis of the influence of disabled spouse caregiving on older females’ depressive symptoms based on CHARLS. The Chinese Health Service Management, 38(3), 226-229. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X., Liu, H., Fang, B., Zhang, Q., Ding, H., & Li, T. (2020). Continuous participation in social activities as a protective factor against depressive symptoms among older adults who started high-intensity spousal caregiving: findings from the China health and retirement longitudinal survey. Aging & Mental Health, 25(10), 1821-1829. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., Fu, F., & Zhou, L. (2020). The mediating mechanism between psychological resilience and mental health among left-behind children in China. Children and Youth Services Review, 110, Article 104686. (SSCI)

Zhang, Q., Zhao, X.*, Liu, H., & Ding, H. (2020). Frailty as a predictor of future falls and disability: a four-year follow-up study of Chinese older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 20(1), Article 388. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., Chen, Y., Liu, S., & Fu, F. (2020). Death education in medical schools of the United States and its implications. Chinese Journal of Medical Education, 40(11), 940-944. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X., Jin, C., & Fu, F. (2020). Dying patients’ death anxiety and its implication to social work practice in end-of-life care. Social Construction, 7(05), 48-57. (in Chinese)

Gui, L., & Zhao, X.*(2020). Respite care in elder care policies in the United States amd Australia and its implication for China. Medicine & Society, 33(2),66-69. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X., Zhang, Q., & Wang, Y. (2019). Current situation and corresponding measures of patient safety in China. Medicine & Philosophy, 40(12). (in Chinese)

Zhou, W., Yu, Y., Zhao, X., Xiao, S., & Chen, L. (2019). Evaluating China's mental health policy on local-level promotion and implementation: a case study of Liuyang Municipality. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 24. (SSCI)

Zhao, X., & Wang, Y. (2018). How to improve the solution system of medical disputes: Based on doctors and patients’ attitudes. Medicine & Philosophy. 39(02). (in Chinese)

Ran, M.-S., Xiao, Y., Zhao, X., Zhang, T.-M., Yu, Y.-H., Mao, W.-J., Lin, F.-R., Chan, C. L.-W. (2018). Family history of psychosis and outcome of people with schizophrenia in rural China: 14-year follow-up study. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 32, 14-19. (SSCI)

Fu, Y. Y., Chui, E. W.-t., Law, C. K., Zhao, X., & Lou, V. W. Q. (2019). An exploration of older Hong Kong residents’ willingness to make copayments toward vouchers for community care. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 31(4), 358-377. 7(SSCI)

Zhao, X., Fu, Y., & Chui, E. W. T. (2016). Motivations of older Chinese adult learners in Hong Kong. Current Aging Science, 9(3), 178-187.

Zhao, X. (2016). Literature review: Research on the practical system of social work in end-of-life. China Social Work, (3):16-17. (in Chinese)

Zheng, B., Zhao, X. & Du Z. (2015). Life satisfaction and its influencing factors of rural older adults. The World of Survey and Research, (5), 40-43. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X., & Pan, J. (2014). Social activities and depression of the female widowed elders in urban areas. Collection of Women's Studies, (2), 25-33. (in Chinese)

Zhao, X., Zhang, X., Tang, Y., & Tang, J. (2009). Analysis on the hospitalization expense of breast cancer operation patients and its influencing factors. Chinese Health Economics, 28 (1), 41-43. (in Chinese)


Research Grants

Influence of providing family caregiving on the health of the sandwiched older adults and corresponding support strategies, Humanities and Social Science Fund of Ministry of Education, 2023-2025, PI.

Research on the optimization path of community-based home care for old adults with disabilities in Beijing, Social Science Fund of Beijing, 2023-2024, PI.

Research on the health status and social support needs of the elder family caregivers in long-term care for the elders, National Natural Science Foundation, 2018-2020, PI.

The seventh national survey on the practice of Chinese doctors, Chinese Medical Doctor Association, 2022, PI.